Thursday, November 20, 2014
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/20/2014 09:47:00 AM
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/20/2014 09:40:00 AM
By Rabbi Mordechai Greenberg
Rosh Yeshiva, Kerem B'Yavneh
Our sages have taught us: "If somebody tells you that both Caesarea and Jerusalem exist, do not believe it. If they say that Caesarea was destroyed and Jerusalem is settled or that Jerusalem was destroyed and Caesarea is settled you can believe it, as is written, 'One nation will be stronger than the other' [Bereishit 25:23]." [Megillah 6a].
When did the fortune begin to change for the first time? We are taught, "On the day that Shlomo married Pharaoh's daughter, Gavriel descended and stuck a reed ("kanneh") into the sea, and the reef of Rome was built there" [Sanhedrin 22]. The fact that Yisrael began to show an interest in Gentile culture eventually led to the rise of Rome. And Rome was the source of the spread of Christianity, which claims that it replaces Yisrael. According to the Rambam in various places, Eisav is Edom, and the people from Edom were the first ones "who followed 'that man' who claimed that he was Mashiach, and this error spread to Rome, which was holy for them." From there Christianity was disseminated to the entire world, a fulfillment of the above prophecy, "When one rises up the other falls."
Rav Avraham Yistzchak Kook wrote some remarkable things about the kanneh associated with Rome. "The ga'ar chayat kanneh, which in its literary form represents an obstacle, will have its lowly part removed – this is the part that descends to the depths of darkness – and what remains will become holy, using its strength to show what is suitable to be shown in the world... And the kanneh which became a reef on which the great city of Rome was built... will call out to the kanneh and declare: Behold, they are the first of Zion, and they will spread the news of Jerusalem. [Yeshayahu 41:27]." [Orot Hakodesh]. (In terms of Kabbalah, the "chayat kanneh" is a female animal representing the evil of Eisav, and "ge'ar chayat kanneh" is the male of the species.)
At the end of Pesachim, the Talmud teaches us that all the nations of the world will want to present gifts to the Mashiach, who will accept them. But when the Kingdom of Edom will appear, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will say to him, "Rebuke the chayat kanneh" [Tehillim 68:31]. The Talmud comments that this refers to the animal which lives among the reeds, the swine of Rome. In another commentary, the Talmud explains the verse to mean, rebuke the animal of Rome, and take possession (from the word "liknot," related to "kanneh") of the community of Yisrael. From that point on Yisrael will be on the rise and Rome will descend.
Another interpretation is as follows: Rebuke the animal whose actions are written down using a pen made from a reed. This refers to Christianity, which is involved in writing holy books and filing complaints about Yisrael.
Rav Kook expands this theme to the subject of literature in general. Many people oppose the concept of literary writing because the pen made from reeds (from a kanneh) is used to describe dark and negative objects. But Rav Kook feels that there is no need to destroy the kanneh completely and to refrain from using it. Rather, it must merely be fixed, removing the "lowly part" from it. The result will be that literary writing will be transformed into a blessing.
If we look at the graphical forms of the Hebrew letters, we see that "kuf" (the first letter of kanneh) has a long leg that extends below the line. If we shorten this leg somewhat, the "kuf" becomes a "heh," changing the word from kanneh to "hineh" – behold. This is one of the names of the Machiach – "Behold, they are the first of Zion (Rishon Letzion)."
This concept, that we should not try to completely destroy a negative object but rather to remove its negative aspects, is discussed by Rav Kook with respect to many different subjects, such as the rejection of the secular Zionist movement. The same is true for literature in general. Since this has control over the world today, "We must show that we can incorporate this skill so that it becomes our own, and we will no longer maintain an absolute rule that anybody who has literary talent or is a famous poet must be an apostate and a sinner by definition. We must destroy this false tower." [Igrot Rav Kook, Volume 1, page 195].
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/20/2014 09:32:00 AM
Wednesday, November 19, 2014
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/19/2014 11:24:00 AM
Dedicated to the memory of Hana Bat Haim
|1.. Religion at the Root|
2.. A Jewish State
3.. Jerusalem’s Temple Mount
Religion at the Root
The ongoing confrontation between Israel and the Arabs living in the Land of Israel is not an isolated dispute; it is in fact a confrontation between the Nation of Israel as a whole and the entire Arab people. The aspiration of the Jewish people, to return to our homeland in its entirety and to thrive as citizens of own Jewish state, free from the yoke of the nations and in accordance with the distinctive spirit of Israel, thus fulfilling our unique role in the world - this aspiration is our very life. It did not ceased throughout the two-thousand-year exile, and it began to take concrete practical shape more than one hundred years ago. We are today in the midst of an ingathering of exiles, the return of the people to its homeland - the holy land of its forefathers..
In contrast, the ambition of the Arab nation as a whole is that the entire Land of Israel be under Islamic-Arab rule. The Arab world-view claims that the Nation of Islam has replaced the People of Israel, that Islam is the true heir to the Israel and its faith..
Suddenly, the Jewish People have risen up again after two-thousand years of Exile. Its spiritual and material assets - the Torah of Israel and the Land of Israel - have not been bequeathed to another people. They are the exclusive property of the living Nation of Israel. Islam is not willing to come to grips with this fact. It desires that the entire Holy Land be subject to its own rule. Hence, the struggle between us and the Arabs living in the Land of Israel is a confrontation between the Jewish people and its faith on the one hand, and the Arab nation and its faith on the other.
For this reason, it is fruitless to consider a solution to the troubled relations between Israel and the Arabs which is detached from the source of the confrontation. If we refuse to recognize the source of the problem we will not be capable of dealing with it properly. The source of the conflict is religious in nature, and religious conflicts can find no true solution in political agreements. Its solution must be searched for in the religious-theological arena. We, for our part, request of God that a solution eventually be reached "neither through militia nor through force, but through My spirit."
The recognition that the source of the conflict between the Israel and the Arabs is national-religious in nature, obligates one to accept the fact that it is bound to go on for a very long period of time. Our approach to dealing with the conflict need not demand finding some solution to the conflict, but learning to live with it. We must rather accept the fact that we do not presently possess any way of solving the conflict: neither side is ready to abandon its national-religious aspirations. Therefore, we must learn how to live with the conflict. In the same manner that each of us must learn to live with hardships, difficulties, illnesses and catastrophes which contain no solution, so we must learn how to live with Arab hostility and terror..
We must learn to limit the amount of attention we give to this problem, to restrict the matter to its appropriate boundaries without putting all of our efforts and energies into it. Most of our energies must be poured into efforts to advance goals such as gathering in all of the exiles, strengthening the population of Israel, developing the Jewish State, and endowing it with the kind of spirit which makes us a unique nation. We must stop chasing after peace. Peace is neither relevant nor practical. Of course we do not desire war, and we are forever willing to discuss peace, but there is no reason to go chasing after peace, for the more that we chase after it, the more it distances itself from us.. If we stop chasing after peace, it will at least stop distancing itself from us.
A Jewish State
The State of Israel must see itself as a State for the entire Jewish nation. This was the reason for its establishment, and this is how it should be. The State of Israel is not a multi-national, non-denominational entity; it is the state of the Jewish people - the entire Jewish people. Though Israel’s non-Jewish citizens, the Arabs, are citizens with the same rights as Jews, and each citizen of Israel is free to live his private life according to his own world-view and faith, the state as such must be Jewish with an unequivocal Jewish character.
Accordingly, the State of Israel must see every Jew in the world as a potential citizen. Every Jew should be allowed to take advantage of this privilege and receive citizenship, even if one has not yet immigrated to the Land of Israel and settled permanently herein. This step will have the effect of strengthening the connection between the land and the people. The assertion that the State of Israel is the state of the Jewish people is nothing new. It is anchored in Israel’s Scroll of Independence, and in the spirit of the Law of Return. This new measure, though, will serve to strengthen the true fabric of the state and reinforce the bond between Diaspora Jewry and the state. Giving voting privileges to Jews living abroad, on the condition that they come to Israel regularly for short visits, will shrink the looming demographic question.
The assertion that the State of Israel is the state of the entire Jewish people justifies our claim to the entire Land of Israel. The world community understands and recognizes the fact that the Jewish people have a right to their own state; the world community also understands that the Land of Israel is the place for such a state - it is the ancestral homeland of the Jews. Consequently, our claim that the entire land, according to its historical-biblical boundaries should be the homeland of the Jews, and that it is improper to prevent us from settling the entire land will be understood.
The assertion that the State of Israel is the state of the entire Jewish people and that its objective is to ingather all of the Jews and to create a distinctly Jewish national life will make the depth of the conflict between us and the Arabs better understood. This is important because to hide from this fact only blurs the situation; instead of aiding to bring about a solution, it aggravates it. Presenting superficial solutions will, in the end, only cause heightened eruptions - and experience testifies to this.
We must accept the fact that at the present time there is no viewable solution to the Arab-Israeli conflict. Neither side wishes to join the other to create one united nation. It is therefore best to reduce the mingling of the two nations. The Arabs should be left to live their own private lives as they please, and they should also be allowed to manage their communal-cultural-religious life as they see fit in every area that it is possible for them to do this on their own. The state has the responsibility to encourage this separation between us maximally in order to safeguard our Jewish identity while at the same time allowing them to preserve their own identity. Joint activities will find expression only in those unavoidable areas where it is impossible to manage separate systems. In this manner we will succeed in reducing daily tension.
The state will guarantee complete equal rights, but it will also possess a very clear identity: it will be a state for the Jewish people; it will prevent citizens from assaulting its own sovereignty and Jewish aims.
Jerusalem’s Temple Mount
We cannot finish without touching upon Jerusalem.. Unified Jerusalem is the capital of the State of Israel, and the Temple Mount is the most holy site the Jewish people have. The Holy City must be subject entirely to Jewish authority, and we must demand that the Temple Mount, because of its tremendous sanctity, be closed off to all people until both the Jewish people and the world are prepared to aspire to such a level of sanctity..
In sum, the conflict between Israel and the Arabs runs very deep. It is a religious conflict to which there exists no solution at present. We must therefore stop investing all of our efforts in trying to create a path to peace. We must, rather, pour our energies into transforming Israel into a state for all of the Jewish people in the world and imbuing it with a clear Jewish character. We must keep the entire Land of Israel in our possession, declare an all out war on terrorism, and manage life in Israel such that there be as much separation between us and the Arabs in daily affairs as possible - not to blur identities.
It is impossible to halt the process of Israel’s national revival, the reclamation of its entire land, and revival of its unique path. We are constantly progressing; every seeming barrier acts as an impetus to ascension toward the complete redemption. Fortunate is he who has the privilege of lending a hand in God’s ongoing redemption of Israel.
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/19/2014 07:38:00 AM
Sunday, November 16, 2014
By Ambassador (ret.) Yoram Ettinger
Intra-Arab and Intra-Muslim terrorism – plaguing the Arab Street - has been a Middle East fixture since the 7thcentury emergence of Islam, driven by religious, political, tribal and ethnic megalomaniac aspirations and violent intolerance.
It dominated the Middle East long before, and irrespective of, the Arab-Israeli and Palestinian-Israeli conflicts, the reestablishment of Jewish communities in Judea & Samaria, the controversy over Jerusalem, and the reconstruction of the Jewish State.
Against the backdrop of ruthless and persistent terrorism, which has targeted fellow-Arabs and fellow-Muslims, one should expect, at least, as ferocious Arab/Muslim terrorism against the "infidel" Christian, Buddhist, Hindu or Jew in the Middle East, Asia, Europe, Africa, Canada, Australia and the USA. The latter is considered the chief threat to terrorist regimes, morally and militarily. Hence, the US is "the Chief Satan" and the lead target for Islamic terrorism.
The perpetrators of Arab/Muslim terrorism, in general, and Palestinian terrorism, in particular, are not "Lone Wolves." They are the by-products of a centuries' old intolerant ideology, supported by educational and religious infrastructures of indoctrination and incitement, operating systematically in kindergartens, schools, universities, mosques and regime-controlled media.
Arab/Muslim terrorists are not driven by social, economic and human rights grievances, but by an intense, fanatical worldview, which loathes civil liberties and considers freedom of religion, press, association and movement, including equal rights for women, an abomination. In fact, deprived groups in the non-Muslim world rarely resort to terrorism.
Arab/Muslim terrorists are adrenalized by the conviction that their actions bestow upon them the honorific title of Shaheed – a martyr on the altar of Islam - fulfilling a Muslim mission, and advancing the commandment of Jihad(Islamic struggle, resistance, war, expansion) against the "infidel" or the "apostate." They expect to be rewarded by eternal glory, including the company of 72 pretty virgins in a sensual paradise, while women are, supposedly, rewarded by only one man.
The most effective production-line of Shaheed's was established by Mahmoud Abbas in 1993, compliments of the Oslo Accord, through the Palestinian education system. For example, the 7th grade's part 2 of "Our Beautiful Language," pages 11-13 and pages 28-29 in part 1: "We shall sow Palestine with [martyrs'] skeletons and skulls; we shall paint the face of Palestine with blood…. We are returning home to the plains and mountains [of pre-1967 Israel], led by Jihad flags, by bloody struggles and by the willingness to sacrifice ourselves as martyrs…." Or, the 8th grade's part 2 of "Islamic Studies," pages 62-75: "Jihad reserves a key role for youngsters, just like those who sought martyrdom during the days of the Prophet Muhammad…." Many graduates of such an education system are potential terrorists – who unlike freedom fighters – target civilians deliberately and systematically, aiming to erode the confidence of Israelis in the homeland security capabilities of their government, frightening them into reckless concessions.
While Mahmoud Abbas does not emit the same message when speaking with Western, Israeli and Arab interlocutors, that which he teaches his children reflects his authentic worldview, reflected by the monthly allowances paid to relatives of suicide-bombers and the naming of streets, squares, summer camps and sport tournaments after terrorists. It has enticed Palestinian youth to idolize Shaheed's, Jihad, bloodshed and families of suicide-bombers, while delegitimizing the Jewish State as an immoral entity deserving annihilation.
Palestinian terrorism has been driven not by the size – but by the existence - of the Jewish State, as evidenced by the waves of anti-Jewish Palestinian terrorism before Israel's establishment (1920s, 1930s and 1940s), before the 1967 resumption of Jewish control of Judea & Samaria, and following a series of Israeli concessions, such as the 2005 uprooting of all Jewish communities from Gaza, the 2000 proposal by Prime Minister Barak to withdraw to the pre-1967 Lines, and the 1993 Israeli importation of the PLO from Tunisia to Ramallah and Israel's withdrawal from 40% of Judea & Samaria, as well as all of Gaza.
The battle against Palestinian terrorism is undermined by the focus on the symptoms (individual terrorists) rather than the cause (hate-education). In other words, one should not concentrate on chasing individual mosquitos; one should drain the swamp.
Counter-terrorism is further undermined by the immoral moral-equivalence applied to Palestinian perpetrators and their Israeli victims; by the knee-jerk pressure of Israel urging sweeping concessions, containment and counter-terrorism restraint, which emboldens terrorists; ignoring the terrorist/subversive track record of Mahmoud Abbas in order to promote wishful-thinking; and extending counter-productive financial aid to the Palestinian Authority, which bankrolls hate-education.
For instance, the $400mn annual US foreign aid to Mahmoud Abbas – which is larger than the combined aid from the Arab oil-producers - has not reduced terrorism and non-compliance, has failed to shift Palestinians towards peaceful coexistence, and has not eliminated hate education.
The US Congress would not support hate education within the US, but supports hate-education in the Palestinian Authority, which undermines the civil liberties of most Palestinians, who abhor the corrupt, oppressive, terroristic "Tunisian Gang" of Mahmoud Abbas that was imposed on them by the Oslo Accord.
The suspension of foreign aid to – and all communications with – Mahmoud Abbas, a hate educator, would express the realization that hate education is the antithesis of core US values; that hate educators should not benefit from the largesse of the US taxpayer; and that hate educators on the one hand, and compliance with agreements and peaceful coexistence on the other hand, constitutes a scandalous oxymoron.
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/16/2014 09:42:00 PM
Rami G. Khouri is about as moderate a Palestinian commentator as you can find. He is Christian, recognizes that the Temple Mount is holy to Jews, and is willing to blame Arabs for their mistakes.
Even so, he justifies the recent spike in Arab terror:
The absence of PA forces under the control of President Mahmoud Abbas also means that those forces cannot quell Palestinian demonstrations against Israel, as happens in all other parts of the West Bank, where PA forces more often than not act to defend Israel as much as to keep peace among Palestinians, unfortunately. Arab Jerusalemites are essentially ungoverned and unrepresented politically, because they do not fall under Palestinian authority and they are underserved by an Israeli state that also keeps building new settlements on lands surrounding the holy city. Because of this condition of living in a political vacuum, Palestinians in Jerusalem have only themselves to rely on to defend their lands and rights, and in cases of extreme threats and violence used against them, they resort to violence such as we are witnessing these days.
Then he says something interesting:
The intense symbolism of Jerusalem for Palestinians includes two dimensions: the holy sites of the Noble Sanctuary, especially the Dome of the Rock and Al Aqsa Mosque, but also the city as the capital of Palestine, even though a Palestinian state does not exist yet. If Jerusalem is allowed to fall to Zionist colonialism and become fully Judaized, the entire Palestinian national cause would have been dealt a fatal blow. Jerusalem has always been a central battle in the Arab war with Zionism — but for many Palestinians it is now also the last battle.
The PLO covenants of 1964 and 1968 did not mention Jerusalem once. The Palestinian National Charter of 1968 likewise does not mention Jerusalem a single time. (Fatah’s charter does mention Jerusalem once.)
If Jerusalem has always been so central to Palestinian Arab nationalism, then why was it ignored for so long?
The interest that Arabs altogether, and Palestinians in particular, have shown in Jerusalem has been proportional to the interest that Jews have to assert their national and religious rights in their ancient capital. Between 1948 and 1967, Jerusalem was an unimportant Jordanian city, and there were no mass pilgrimages there. Only when Jews started to say that Jerusalem was theirs, and always has been, have the Arabs decided that it is supremely important for them too.
And this spills over even into the writings of a “moderate.”
The fact is that if Palestinian nationalism cannot survive without Jerusalem, then it is an artificial construct to begin with. The nearly exclusive use of the Dome of the Rock as the constant backdrop for Palestinian press conferences is a relatively recent phenomenon.
They don’t want Jerusalem – they want to ensure that Jews do not have Jerusalem. Because they know that Israel without Jerusalem is just a secular state, and they can deal with a secular state, because such states come and go. They cannot deal with a proud Jewish state that asserts rights that go back to before Islam existed.
Khouri has subconsciously revealed the shallowness of the Palestinian national cause. If it was about rights, or refugees, or land, or even “justice,” then they could have a state. But it isn’t about any of those. It is about the symbolism of controlling Jerusalem. And the only reason that this is so important is because of the Arab honor/shame society that cannot stomach the weak, dhimmi Jews asserting rights on land that everyone knows they have been tied to for thousands of years. The minute they give up on Jerusalem, they give up on the goal of expelling Jews from political power in the Middle East.
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/16/2014 09:41:00 PM
Friday, November 14, 2014
This week marked the Yartzheit of Rabbi Meir Kahane, who was assassinated by an Arab terrorist in NYC on Nov. 5, 1990. In 1993, the same terror cell which killed Meir Kahane tried to blow up the World Trade Center. In fact, in a documentary on terrorism, PBS labelled the Kahane assassination the first act of terrorism on US soil.
As we are currently in the midst of the latest round of Arab violence and riots, this clip of Kahane talking about Arab violence and riots seems rather appropriate.
As we are currently in the midst of the latest round of Arab violence and riots, this clip of Kahane talking about Arab violence and riots seems rather appropriate.
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/14/2014 06:44:00 AM
Thursday, November 13, 2014
|By Rabbi Yisrael Rosen |
Dean of the Zomet Institute
"It stems from G-d" [Bereishit 24:50].
"There are proofs from the Torah, from the Prophets, and from the Writings that G-d designates a woman for a man. From the Torah: 'And Lavan and Betuel declared, It stems from G-d.' From the Prophets: 'And his father and mother did not know that the matter came from G-d' [Shoftim 14:4]. And from the Writings: 'A home and wealth are a heritage from fathers, but an intelligent woman comes from G-d' [Mishlei 19:14]." [Moed Katan 18b].
This week's Torah portion involves the issue of matchmaking, finding a bride and convincing or compensating her family with respect to the match. We will therefore take a look today at this matter and its relevance to the current situation.
Here are some facts from the Central Bureau of Statistics of Israel. The average age of first marriage of Jews in Israel in 2013 was 28 for the groom and 26 for the bride (in 2013 about 36,000 Jewish couples were married, that is, about 3,000 per month). However – and this is quite significant – in 2013, the fraction of unmarried people within the age group of 25-29 was 65% for the men and 46% for the women, compared to 1970, when the fractions were only 28% for men and 13% for women. And here is another fact: In Tel Aviv, the exciting city "that never stops" – the fraction of single people in this age category is sky-high, approaching the "advanced" status of Europe – 83% of the men and 71% of the women. And I won't burden you with the low marriage rates in the Western World, where marriages take place at very "advanced" ages.
It is sad to say that the entire framework of the family unit, including family values, has completely changed in terms of status and character all over the world. This has a lot to do with permissiveness, it has a lot to do with the culture of society, it has a lot to do with career choices (by both sexes), it has a lot to do with the virtual world (internet, facebook), and it has a lot to do with many other factors that have been studied and discussed by social scientists and educators, as well as by psychologists and intelligent people.
Within the religious nationalistic sector in Yisrael, to which this bulletin is linked, innumerable conferences and panels have been held, articles have been written and proposals have been made, public associations have been established to improve the situation, and many matchmaking sites have been opened. But many men and women are still "wading in the swamps," by choice or by coercion, in dire need of a heavenly angel which will reveal to them the princess of their dreams or the imaginary prince which is the subject of the passage quoted above: "G-d designates a woman for a man."
My first call is quite commonplace, and it is meant for single and married men and women of all ages and from every family status: Continue your attempts at matchmaking! While this word has ramifications of the "exile" and is the subject of an infinite number of tales, jokes, and comedies, remember that today matchmaking is no longer tied to the "profession" of old. It is first and foremost a challenge for the friends of unmarried men and women and for their acquaintances from the same sector who have had the privilege of standing under the Chuppah (or not). The challenge is relevant for neighbors and friends, as it is for colleagues at work or within the community. In this generation of "dates" and easy iPhone contact, there is no need for prior investigations of suitability. The prospects will check matters for themselves and it is not expected that they will depend on recommendations by the "matchmakers."
I also have one "enlightened" issue to discuss. In many cases, an important factor in putting off marriage is the desire for academic studies, which have almost become a necessary norm in modern times. In the religious sector a question of "delaying pregnancy" from the halachic point of view remains in the background, since not every student is willing or able mentally or logistically to be involved in caring for a baby while they study. Let me state my position about this: I join with the halachic experts and Torah educators who prefer a "young marriage" and a delay of pregnancy to holding back on getting married, especially within a mixed society. I refer my readers to the article by Rabbi David Stav in the latest issue of Techumin (volume 34), "Delaying marriage in order to obtain an academic degree." He comes to a similar conclusion, based on halachic sources and recent halachic rulings.
"Family values" are a treasure of immeasurable worth. My heart goes out to those whose bitter fortune leads them to stay away from this vital treasure to one degree or another – namely, a family made up of a small unit or of a broad base. Solitude causes terrible distress and it becomes infinitely worse in a generation characterized by virtual replacements and "a thousand friends on facebook." In addition, the decreased importance of the community in our generation, being replaced by "personal rights" and individualism, adds to the distress of the unmarried people. While it is true that an active community life with volunteer activities can alleviate the feeling of isolation somewhat, this is better suited to single elderly people than to young ones who are not married.
Do not learn from our Patriarch Yitzchak who married his wife when he was "forty years old" [25:20]. Do not learn either from Rivka, who was three years old when she drew the water from the well, according to Rashi's commentary. This idea from the Midrash is hard to accept, and Abarbanel wrote, "How can it be that a three-year-old went to the well and drew water for all the camels, and then did everything else that is described in the passage?" In fact, there is a version of Seder Olam Rabba which states, "Yitzchak married Rivka at the age of fourteen" (1). The Ramban discusses this matter in his commentary on the Talmud (Yevamot 61b). But this is also not a recommended age! My advice: less than an age of 25!
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/13/2014 11:55:00 PM
Jewish Sovereignty in Eretz Yisrael and the Temple Mount: HaRav Nachman Kahana on Parashat Chayai Sarah 5775
Posted by Jason Gold-Editor at 11/13/2014 11:51:00 PM